The Czech Army military equipment overview 2019

The Czech Army military equipment overview 2019
20 / 03 / 2019, 11:15

Global Firepower's Firepower Index for 2019 ranks the Czech Republic 30 among 137 countries of the World, just like in 2018. It mentions the current modernization and acquisition projects like armoured vehicles (meaning the IFV tender), artillery (155mm self-propelled artillery and mortars), helicopters (12 multi-purpose ones) and air defence (the SHORAD). It estimates the total military personnel at 25 thousand, and it fails to mention the Active Reserve personnel. What is the current situation of the Czech Army (as of 1st January 2019)?

See also: The Czech Army military equipment overview 2018

Let's review the Global Firepower's data and compare them to the last years numbers. The Manpower data are generally an estimation and offer the following figures (2018 - 2019):

  • Total population 10,674,723 - 10,686,269
  • Manpower available 5,000,000 - 5,011,174
  • Fit-for-service 4,062,000 - 4,060,953
  • Reaching military age 98,000 - 99,087 (this looks bad when compared to the fit-for-servic decline)
  • Total military personnel 29,050 - 25,000 (estimation)
  • Active personnel 22,000 - 25,000
  • Reserve personnel 7,050 - 0 (strange disappearence of reserve personnel)

According to the Ministry of Defence, on 31st December 2018, there were 25,105 professional soldiers, and 2,853 Active Reserve soldiers.

See also: 2019 will bring important changes to the Czech Army

The Air Power data include both fixed-wing and rotary-wing; and like for 2018 we will compare the data used by globalfirepower.com with the actual data found in the official january overwiew which lists numbers of the military equipment accordingly to the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE), and completes the figures with numbers of equipment pieces which are not limited by the Treaty (like training, transport or observation aircraft, unarmed helicopters, light armoured or medical vehicles):

  • Total Aircraft Strenght 103 - 100
  • Fighter aircraft 12 - 12
  • Attack aircraft 28 - 28
  • Transport aircraft 61 - 9
  • Trainer aircraft 14 - 11
  • Total helicopter strenght 52 - 52
  • Attack helicopters 17 - 17

In its January repport the Army lists 36 Combat Aircraft (14 JAS-39C/D Gripen and 22 L-159A/T ALCA), and confirms 17 Combat Helicopters (Mi 24/35).

The Army Strength comprises Main Battle Tanks (MBTs) and Armored Fighting Vehicle (AFV), both Armored Personnel Carriers (APCs) and Infantry Fighting Vehicles (IFVs), Self-Propelled Artillery (SPA) and Towed Artillery:

  • Combat tanks 123 - 116
  • Armored fighting vehicles 518 - 437
  • Self-propelled artillery 86 - 86
  • Towed artillery 93 - 85

The army overview for 2019 says there is 116 Main Battle Tanks (all versions of the T-72; 30 are the only active 3rd generation T-72M4CZ tanks; the other are 2nd generation variants stored in reserve), 437 Armoured Combat Vehicles (all combat versions of infantry fighting vehicles and armoured personnal carriers of BVP-1, BVP-2, BPzV, Pandur II 8x8 CZ, OT-90 and OT-64 types), and 179 artillery systems of 100 mm caliber and above (all versions of cannons/howitzers ShKH M77 Dana, self-propelled mortars ShM 85 and 120 mm M1982 mortars).

In addition to the above listed vehicles limited by the CFE the Czech Armed Forces is also equiped with  the following:

  • 5 trainer jets L-39
  • 16 transport and observation aircraft (L-410, Jak-40, CL-601 Challenger, A-319 CJ, and CASA C-295M)
  • 34 unarmed transport helicopters (Mi-8, Mi-17, Mi-171Sh, and W-3A Sokol)
  • 149 vehicles based on infantry fighting vehicles and armoured personnel carriers of various types
  • 171 light armoured vehicles BRDM-2, Dingo 2, and IVECO
  • 39 armoured medical vehicles
  • 6 armoured launched bridges

See also: Modernization Projects of the Czech Army

Among the 29 NATO countries, the Czech Republic holds the 11th place according to the Global Firepower. According to the Government's plans, the Czech defence expenditure should reach 1.4 % by 2020, and 2 % by 2024. It reached 1.13 % in 2018, and 1.19 % is planned for 2019, at CZK 66.735 billion (USD 2.954 billion), or 4.43 % of the Government budget (3.3 % in 2015, 4.01 % in 2017).

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