CZ 805 BREN – modern Czech Assault Rifle (2011)

CZ 805 BREN – modern Czech Assault Rifle (2011)
Author: Spc. Tristan Bolden|Caption: Czech paratrooper with the CZ 805 BREN A2 carbine
06 / 08 / 2020, 10:00

The Czech Republic keeps a long tradition of development and production of infantry firearms. Unlike most of the other armies of the Warsaw pact, the Czechoslovak Army had its own assault rifle, instead of the AK-47 the Sa vz. 58 was introduced in 1959, and is still in service with the Active Reserve troops. In 2011, after having won a tender for a new assault rifle, Česká zbrojovka Uherský Brod introduced the CZ 805 BREN modular assault rifle, which replaced the vz. 58 for the professional troops.

CZ 805 BREN is a precisely designed rifle based on a modular system, which allows for an easy change of caliber. The weapon is adjustable in various configurations. As standard, the weapon uses the 5.56 x 45 mm NATO ammunition, and it can be calibrated to the 7.62 x 39 mm and even the 6.8 mm Remington SPC. The rifle has three basic shooting modes which permit semi-automatic, 2-round bursts and full automatic fire at 760 rounds per minute (850 for BREN 2). The rifle’s maximum range is 1,500 m, it’s effective range is 400–500 m.

See also: CZUB - Ceska Zbrojovka Uhersky Brod (founded 1936)

The Sa vz. 58 (where Sa is abbreviation for “samopal”, literally “submachine gun”, a standard Czechoslovak military term used back in the 50’s for today’s assault rifles) uses the 7.62 x 39 mm rounds. It’s maximum firing range is 2,800 m, and it’s iron sights can be adjusted for up to 800 m. It came with semi-automatic and fully automatic fire modes, at 800 rounds per minute.

The advantages of the modern CZ 805 BREN assault rifle include easy-to-use and easily accessible controls, high firing accuracy and functional reliability. It is equipped with side-folding buttstock, which is adjustable for length of pull, and can be completely removed. Basic disassembly for cleaning and maintenance, and assembly do not require any tools.

See also: The Czech Army military equipment overview 2019

The Sa vz. 58 came in two basic variants: P with a standard fixed stock for infantry (nicknamed “paddle” by the troops), and V with a metal folding stock for paratroopers and vehicle crews (nicknamed “scythe”). Also the modern rifle comes in two basic variants: the A1 as a standard assault rifle, and the A2 as a carbine with a shortened barrel. Czech Army also uses he CZ BREN 2 variant with improved design based on the experience the troops made with the A1 and A2 rifles.

The BREN has been chosen over FN SCAR (Special Forces Combat Assault Rifle) which possibly offers better performance, yet does not allow for the change of caliber, while the Czech Army has large stocks of the 7.62 x 39 mm ammunition.

Česká zbrojovka Uherský Brod produced about 8,000 pieces of the BREN rifles. It has been exported to several countries like Mexico (it is used by the Mexican Federal Police), Indonesia (where it is used by both the Navy and the Army), Egypt, Slovakia or Hungary. Several dozens are being used by the French GIGN (National Gendarmerie Intervention Group).

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